1585 - 1652
1612, John Cotton became vicar of St.Botolph's
Church in Boston, England, and began a long history of ticking-off church
authorities with his "nonconformist preachings." Despite pressure from
the more conservative establishment, he attracted great numbers to his
congregation including many prominent people who were later to help found
the town's namesake in New England.
Cotton was instigator
responsible for many Puritans leaving their native shores to begin new
lives across the Atlantic. He promoted membership of the Massachusetts
Bay Company and inspired the group of Lincolnshire men who led the founding
and development of Boston MA in 1630.
emigrated himself in 1633 along with John
Leverett and Edmund Quincy,
whose descendants were to become the second and sixth American presidents.
Motivated by ill-health to leave Boston in 1631, he sailed to America
in July 1633. He was ordained as the first vicar of Boston, Massachusetts
on 15th October of that year and continued until the time of his death.